HISTORY OF THE AREA
History of regulation and melioration
Initially, Warta River had a character of a anastomosing river i.e. it flowed in many different beds which joined and split forming a complicated net. The whole area of the river valley was covered by extensive wetlands overgrown with a carr forest. This terrain was under strong influence of Warta and Odra which caused systematic floods during high water level periods.
Settlement in Warta River valley
In the second half of the 18th century the area of Warta River valley was nearly uninhabited. The settlement concentrated outside the spacious swamps. Simultaneously with the regulation and melioration appeared a plan to settle this area. The initiator of this action was Frideric the Great and its contractor was F.B Brenkenhoff. The settlements lasted between 1767 and 1782.